(Created on 16/03/2016)
Philae (/ˈfaɪli/ or /ˈfiːleɪ/) "is a robotic European Space Agency lander that accompanied the Rosetta spacecraft until its designated landing on Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko (67P), more than ten years after departing Earth. On 12 November 2014, the lander achieved the first-ever controlled touchdown on a comet nucleus. Its instruments obtained the first images from a comet's surface and are expected to make the first in situ analysis to determine its composition. Philae is tracked and operated from the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) at Darmstadt, Germany.
The lander is named after the Philae obelisk bearing a bilingual inscription used with the Rosetta Stone to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics."
Philae - the success of the mission