Fake news "is a type of hoax or deliberate spread of misinformation, be it via the traditional news media or via social media, with the intent to mislead in order to gain financially or politically. It often employs eye-catching headlines or entirely fabricated news-stories in order to increase readership and online sharing. Profit is made in a similar fashion to clickbait and relies on ad-revenue generated regardless of the veracity of the published stories. Easy access to ad-revenue, increased political polarization and the ubiquity of social media, primarily the Facebook newsfeed have been implicated in the spread of fake news. Anonymously hosted websites lacking known publishers have also been implicated, because they make it difficult to prosecute sources of fake news for slander."
- The word of the month: FAKE
News Words: Fake
"If something is fake, is it a good thing or a bad thing? Learn what fake means in this week's News Words."
This robot-run newsroom 'weeds out 99 per cent of fake news' - 1 June 2018
The Japanese start-up, called JX Press, utilises machine learning
for finding stories in social media posts.
- Fake news is 'very real' word of the year for 2017 - 02 November 2017
"Donald Trump’s apocryphal invention, which dates back to the noughties, takes title in dictionary’s annual reckoning of the most-used new expressions.
“Fake news” has acquired a certain legitimacy after being named word of the year by Collins, following what the dictionary called its “ubiquitous presence” over the last 12 months."
- Fake News Still Here, Even As Facebook, Google Fight It - Text + Audio - 23 October 2017
"The term “fake news” has become increasingly popular in the last year. And fake news stories continue to spread throughout the internet, even as companies like Facebook and Google fight to stop them."
- Japanese Steelmaker Admits False Safety Information - Text + Audio - 13 October 2017
"Kobe Steel has admitted that it offered false inspection information about thousands of tons of its products.
The materials are used to manufacture cars, trains and airplanes. The company says it is investigating and will recheck the safety information."
Schools, Universities Teach Students the Truth About Fake News - Text + Audio - 15 April 2017
"Education programs, from universities to secondary schools, are trying to train students to understand fake news and the difference between quality and poor journalism."
Facebook adding 'educational tool' to help users spot fake news - Article + Video - 6 April 2017
Teach schoolchildren how to spot fake news, says OECD
"Thinktank’s education lead raises concerns over social media ‘echo chamber’ and says ability to discern fact from fiction is vital."
OECD = Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s education
Facebook Update Deals with Fake News Problem - Text + Audio + Pictures - 8 March 2017
"Facebook has started a program to battle the spread of fake news. The program alerts Facebook users when independent fact checkers
have disputed the truth of a news story. Facebook also has made it easier for its users to dispute a news story."
Google accused of spreading fake news - with a video - 6 March 2017
"Featured snippets in search function repeatedly shares false information, which can result in Google Home speakers reading out conspiracy theories as fact."
What is fake news? Its origins and how it grew under Donald Trump - 24 February 2017
Mark Zuckerberg pens major Facebook manifesto on how to burst the bubble
"The 5,700-word mission statement reads like a state of the union address, tackling everything from fake news to growing anti-globalization sentiment...
From climate change and pandemics to terrorism and inequality, Zuckerberg has a plan – albeit a vague one – for building what he considers a better future."
The strange photographs used to 'prove' conspiracy theories - 16 February 2017
"A new programme at London’s Photographers’ Gallery explores conspiracy theories – and the images that popularise them. Alastair Sooke takes a look.
Is Elvis still alive? What happens in Area 51? Who really killed JFK? And are our politicians and leaders in fact shapeshifting reptilian humanoids?
“Fake news and conspiracy theories are nothing new,” says Clare Grafik, head of exhibitions at London’s Photographers’ Gallery,
which has mounted a nine-day programme of exhibitions and talks on this theme, billed as “Conspiracy Week”."
'Wildest show on earth': How the newspapers reported Donald Trump's extraordinary press conference - with front pages - 15 February 2017
"Donald Trump launched an extraordinary attack on the news media on Thursday afternoon in a wide-ranging, wild 75-minute press conference."
How to avoid falling for lies and fake news - 11 February 2017
"As ‘alternative facts’ fill our social media feeds, BBC Future examines a more rational approach to digesting information."
Wikipedia bans Daily Mail as 'unreliable' source - 9 February 2017
"Online encyclopaedia editors rule out publisher as a reference citing ‘reputation for poor fact checking and sensationalism’."
Fake news is 'killing people's minds': Apple boss Tim Cook calls for worldwide drive to educate against scourge of misinformation
- 10 February 2017
- «20 Minutes» s’allie à Facebook pour lutter contre les «fake news» - 6 February 2017
"Facebook va donc prochainement expérimenter en France un système similaire à celui qu’il a déjà mis en place aux Etats-Unis en décembre avec le concours d’ABC News, AP, Factcheck.org, Politifact et Snopes. Dans l’hexagone, outre 20 Minutes, le dispositif intégrera également les rédactions de Le Monde, l’AFP, BFM TV, France Télévisions, France Médias Monde, Libération et l’Express.
- Fake news – a lesson plan - 27 May 2017
"The lesson is designed to introduce students to the notion of fake news and teach them some strategies to become better, more critical readers.
It is adapted from a lesson plan by the Anti-Defamation League (link) with elements taken from here."
- Factitious - a game that tests your news sense - "Can you tell real news from fake news?"
- Fake It To Make It, a social-impact game about fake news.
You can read more about this game on this page. However, I suggest that you play first!