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RESCOL 2

REFUGEES / MIGRANTS / ASYLUM SEEKERS:

VOCABULARY

 

(Updated on 11/05/2016)

 

 

 

  • Sanctuary originally referred to a building designated for worship (it also applied to a sacred relic or any other holy object),
    and because some churches served as refuges where fugitives were generally immune from arrest, the word was applied outside of religious contexts to a place of protection or safety, including one set aside as wildlife refuge."

    (dailywritingtips.com)
  • Emigrants vs. Immigrants vs. Migrants
    "What’s the difference between an emigrant and an immigrant, and where do migrants fit in? The answer, for both questions, is that it’s a matter of direction."

    (dailywritingtips.com)
  • News Words: Migrants - VIDEO - 3 March 2016
    "This word comes from the verb, migrate. Watch the short news video and listen as your hosts explain the meaning."

    (learningenglish.voanews.com)
  • Asylum (thewordofthemonth.com)

 

  • An asylum seeker :
    = "a person who, from fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, social group, or political opinion, has crossed an international frontier into a country in which he or she hopes to be granted refugee status.

    (thefreedictionary.com)
  • - forced migration :
    = "Forced migration (also called deracination — originally a French word meaning uprooting) refers to the coerced movement of a person or persons away from their home or home region. It often connotes violent coercion, and is used interchangeably with the terms "displacement" or forced displacement..."

    (encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com)

  • - hotspot: "a country or region where dangerous or difficult political situations existor may erupt, especially where a war, revolution, or a belligerent attitude toward other countries exists or may develop"

  • - journey:
    "a traveling from one place to another, usually taking a rather long time"


  • - People smuggling "is the organised illegal movement of groups or individuals from one country to another.
    People who pay people smugglers do so for a variety of reasons including to seek protection and to pursue economic advantage.
    People smuggling can be lucrative and is increasingly carried out by sophisticated and highly organised networks."
  • A refugee "is a person who is outside his or her country of origin or habitual residence because they have suffered (or fear) persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or because they are a member of a persecuted 'social group' or because they are fleeing a war.
    Such a person may be called an 'asylum seeker' until recognized by the state where they make a claim.[1]..."
    (Wikipedia)

 

  • Are They Migrants or Refugees? - Text + Audio
    "For months, people have been risking their lives to reach Europe. They come from war-torn areas in the Middle East and Africa.
    Are they refugees or migrants? The European Union and the UNHCR will now have to response to the crisis."

    (learningenglish.voanews.com)
  • A note on terminology
    the BBC uses the term migrant to refer to all people on the move who have yet to complete the legal process of claiming asylum.
    This group includes people fleeing war-torn countries such as Syria, who are likely to be granted refugee status, as well as people who are seeking jobs and better lives, who governments are likely to rule are economic migrants."

    (BBC)
  • The battle over the words used to describe migrants - 28 August 2015

    "Images of people scrambling over barbed wire fences in Calais or crossing the Mediterranean in fishing boats have dominated the media over the last few months. And a debate has even emerged about the very words used to describe people...

    The word migrant is defined in Oxford English Dictionary as "one who moves, either temporarily or permanently, from one place, area, or country of residence to another".
    It is used as a neutral term by many media organisations - including the BBC - but there has been criticism of that use...
    A UN document suggests: "The term 'migrant'… should be understood as covering all cases where the decision to migrate is taken freely by the individual concerned, for reasons of 'personal convenience' and without intervention of an external compelling factor."...

    A refugee, according to the 1951 Refugee Convention, "is any person who, owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his/her nationality and is unable, or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country"...

    Asylum seeker refers to someone who has applied for refugee status and is waiting to hear the result of their claim.
    But it is also often used about those trying to get to a particular country to make a claim..."

    (BBC)

 

 

African asylum seekers packed into a boat.