The Schengen Area/ˈʃɛŋən/ "is the area comprising 26 European countries that have abolished passport and any other type of border control at their common borders, also referred to as internal borders. It mostly functions as a single country for international travel purposes, with a common visa policy. The Area is named after the Schengen Agreement. Countries in the Schengen Area have eliminated border controls with the other Schengen members and strengthened border controls with non-Schengen states."
The EU needs to overcome fear and divisions to safeguard Schengen, say MEPs
"The EU needs to overcome its paralysing fears and divisions and to manage migration and refugee flows effectively, said many MEPs in Tuesday's plenary debate with the Dutch Presidency and the Commission. Protecting the EU's external borders effectively is vital to safeguard the Schengen passport-free area, they observed. Some also called for zero tolerance of racist and violent attacks against migrants and refugees."
How the Schengen area of free EU movement was created - VIDEO - 8 September 2015
"The Schengen Agreement was implemented in 1985 and it allows freedom of movement between the countries which are signed up to it.
Initially not many countries were in the agreement but it now includes almost every country in the European Union.
Chris Morris reports from Schengen in Luxembourg on how the agreement came to be."