Plastic pollution"involves the accumulation of plastic products in the environment that adversely affects wildlife, wildlife habitat, or humans. Plastics that act as pollutants are categorized into micro-, meso-, or macrodebris, based on size. The prominence of plastic pollution is correlated with plastics being inexpensive and durable, which lends to high levels of plastics used by humans. However, it is slow to degrade.Plastic pollution can unfavorably affect lands, waterways and oceans. Living organisms, particularly marine animals, can also be affected through entanglement, direct ingestion of plastic waste, or through exposure to chemicals within plastics that cause interruptions in biological functions. Humans are also affected by plastic pollution, such as through the disruption of the thyroid hormone axis or hormone levels. Plastic reduction efforts have occurred in some areas in attempts to reduce plastic consumption and pollution and promote plastic recycling."
Ocean plastic pollution in Scotland – in pictures - 27 June 2017
"A Greenpeace expedition around Scottish coastlines has found plastic in the feeding grounds of basking sharks, in the habitats of puffins, seals and whales, and in the nests and beaks of seabirds."
Video captures moment plastic enters food chain - 11 March 2017
"A scientist has filmed the moment plastic microfibre is ingested by plankton, illustrating how the material is affecting life beneath the waves...
An estimated 150 million tonnes of plastic "disappears" from the world's waste stream each year...
The United Nations has estimated that there are 46,000 pieces of waste plastic per square mile of sea."
Plastic-eating worm could remove the world's waste (April 30, 2017) - a lesson plan with AUDIO
"A natural solution to the growing crisis of plastic waste in the environment may be at hand via a tiny caterpillar called a waxworm." Try the same news story at these easier levels: Plastic-Eating Worm - Level 4 or Plastic-Eating Worm - Level 5 Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities,
crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)
Oceans Could Hold More Plastic Than Fish by 2050- VIDEO - 7 March 2016
"A new report warns there could be more plastic in the ocean than fish by 2050. There is something we can do to help prevent this from happening."
Catalyst ABC TV - Plastic Oceans
"Oceans are silently choking on our plastic waste. Plastic and synthetic materials are the most common types of debris in our oceans and are having horrific impacts on marine wildlife and systems. As an island continent "girt by sea" marine debris is of particular importance for Australia. Creatures get entangled in plastics and drown and ingested concentrated toxins from plastics pose a threat to the health of the food chain. Plastics also transport and introduce species into new environments. Anja Taylor catches up with the CSIRO research team spearheading the Marine Debris Survey, a world first study of the plastics around our coastline."