Liu Xiaobo"is a Chinese intellectual, writer, and human rights activist and a political prisoner in China...
On 8 December 2008, Liu was detained in response to his participation with Charter 08.
He was formally arrested on 23 June 2009, on suspicion of "inciting subversion of state power."
He was tried on the same charges on 23 December 2009, and sentenced to eleven years' imprisonment and two years' deprivation of political rights on 25 December 2009.
During his 4th prison term, he was awarded the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize, for "his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China." (Wikipedia)