Smuggling = "The criminal offense of bringing into, or removing from, a country those items that are prohibited or upon which customs or excise duties have not been paid."
Wildlife smuggling "or trafficking involves the illegal gathering, transportation, and distribution of animals and their derivatives. This can be done either internationally or domestically. (Wikipedia)
Traffic = "Commerce, trade, sale or exchange of merchandise, bills, money and the like."
China Permits Some Trade in Tiger, Rhino Parts - Text + Audio + Pictures - 31 October 2018
"Chinese officials say the country will permit trading of products made from endangered tigers and rhinos in “special” cases.
The decision ended a ban that had been in effect since 1993. No reason was given for lifting the ban."
US Promises $90 Million to Fight Illegal Wildlife Trade- Text + Audio + Video - 18 October 2018
"Experts estimate that the trade in endangered wildlife, including elephant tusks, rhinoceros horns and tiger bones, is worth $17 billion a year.
Now, hundreds of kinds of animals are at risk of dying out."
The animals sold as souvenirs - with an infographic
"Every year, hundreds of millions of plants and animals are harvested or caught and shipped all over the world.
They’re often sold as medicines, food, pets, souvenirs and clothing.
While a large proportion of the trade is legal, there is also a great deal of illegal activity taking place worldwide, threatening the survival of many endangered species."
Illegal online sales of endangered wildlife rife in Europe - 23 May 2018
"Exclusive: Study finds 12,000 items worth $4m, including ivory, live orangutans and a huge number of reptiles and birds for the pet trade...
The online sale of endangered and threatened wildlife is rife across Europe, a new investigation has revealed, ranging from live cheetahs,
orangutans and bears to ivory, polar bear skins and many live reptiles and birds...
All the specimens were species in which trade is restricted or banned by the global Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species."
Bear bile and snakeskin boots: illegal goods seized at Heathrow – in pictures - 20 December 2017
"The UK Border Force at Heathrow airport seizes illegal goods including taxidermied endangered species, ivory carvings and herbal medicines.
The government agency is a world leader in identifying and preventing the unlawful trade in endangered animals and plant material."
The Ins and Outs of Exotic Animal Smuggling - with pictures - 31 March 2017
"The illegal wildlife trade is a rapidly expanding industry that's quietly affecting every country in the world. But why has the market gotten so big?
And why are so many criminals getting into the game right now? Mental_floss has the answers."
"A ranger looks on after performing a post-mortem on a rhino
killed for its horn in South Africa’s Kruger national park."
Letter from Africa: Game rangers in danger - 4 August 2016
"In our series of letters from African journalists, film-maker and columnist Farai Sevenzo looks at those most in danger in the battle against poachers in Africa.
World Ranger Day (31 July) is dedicated to the men and women who put themselves on the frontline to protect our wildlife from one of the biggest armed scourges of the 21st Century."
Police Open Unmarked Bags — And Find Sickening Surprise
"Inside was a pile of severed bear parts, intended for smuggling abroad.
Over the course of the inspection, officers found a total of 527 bear feet, a bear muzzle, gallbladders and three musk deer glands...
Bears are often victims of the illegal wildlife trade; Animals Asia estimates that more than 1,000 of them are currently captive in illegal bile farms
in Vietnam alone, where they're held for years in tiny cages and constantly tapped for bile through painful wounds in their sides."
"A sun bear at Chester Zoo, which was saved by conservationists
after its mother was killed by poachers."
Drones Help Rangers Fight Poachers- Text + Audio - 13 June 2015
"Conservationists are struggling to stop people who illegally hunt or catch animals, such as rhinos and elephants.
They are now using DNA identification and drones to follow animals in the wild and help protect them from poachers."
Prince and Duke unite for wildlife - 9 February 2014
"The Prince of Wales and Duke of Cambridge have joined forces to record a video message calling on the world to act now to save endangered animals like rhinos, elephants and tigers."
Stolen species - BBC joins police raid on Brazil's wildlife traffickers- 2 January 2009 "As many as 10m animals are being taken from their natural habitats each year...
Around 50,000 animals are rescued by the authorities each year - representing just a small percentage of those believed to be taken by traffickers.
Many animals are said to die en route to market..." + Videos
Bollywood’s Salman Khan Found Guilty in Poaching Case- Text + Audio - 5 April 2018
"Bollywood star Salman Khan was found guilty Thursday of illegally killing rare deer in a wildlife refuge in 1998.
An Indian court sentenced the actor to five years in prison."
Bollywood star Salman Khan sentenced to five years for killing antelopes- 5 April 2018
"Actor says he will appeal against sentence after being convicted of poaching blackbucks in 1998...
Public prosecutors alleged that Khan, 52, and four other actors in the car with him fled the scene when they were spotted, leaving the animals’ carcasses behind."
Meet the man who took on poachers, guerillas and mantraps to save a species- 30 November 2016
"Manuel Sacaia, winner of the Tusk Wildlife Ranger Award, has spent nearly half a century protecting the giant sable, a critically endangered antelope with magnificent five-foot horns, despite being captured by guerillas during Angola’s long civil war, attacked by armed poachers and caught in a mantrap." + This year's other winners - with a video and pictures
New data shows 'staggering' extent of great ape trade - 29 September 2016
"Around 1,800 orangutans, chimpanzees and gorillas were seized in 23 different countries since 2005, the figures show.
Since 90% of the cases were within national borders they didn't appear in major data records, which only contain international seizures."
Pakistan's secretive Houbara bustard hunting industry- Article + Photos - 11 February 2016
"They're a shy, rare bird breed, the size of a chicken - and hunting them is officially banned in Pakistan.
But it is no holds barred when Arab royals begin their Houbara bustard hunting trips.
Arab princes and their wealthy friends like to hunt Houbara bustards both as a sport and because the meat is considered an aphrodisiac."
Thai police find hundreds of dog skins dumped in forest- 26 March 2014 dictionary
"Hundreds of dog skins have been found dumped in an area of northeastern Thailand notorious for exporting canine parts
as a delicacy or for use as a leather substitute - including for golf gloves, police said Wednesday."
In Timbuktu rubbish collector and general ‘white van’ man Alsion
depends on his donkeys for his livelihood.
South African police seize 5,000 donkey skins in Benoni farm raid- 24 January 2017
"South African police say they are investigating the illegal donkey skin trade after seizing 5,000 hides in a recent raid east of Johannesburg.
Police suspect the skins found at a farm in Benoni last week came from illegally slaughtered animals whose hides were destined for China...
Trade in donkey skins is worth millions of dollars, with hides prized in China for supposed medicinal properties...
The South African National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (NSPCA) spoke of animals there "being bludgeoned with hammers and being skinned alive" (on a farm in Olifantshoek, in the Northern Cape.)...
Last year, Burkina Faso banned the export of donkey skins and Niger the export of donkeys saying a sharp increase in trade to Asian countries was threatening their donkey populations."
The ivory trade "is the commercial, often illegal trade in the ivory tusks of the hippopotamus, walrus, narwhal, mammoth, and most commonly, Asian and African elephants."
Study: DNA Tests Can Identify Ivory Traffickers- Text + Audio -24 September 2018
"A new study shows how scientists can use genetic testing to follow the path of elephant tusks back to poachers and ivory traffickers."
Environmental Group Says Japan Helping Ivory Trade- Text + Audio + Picture - 23 December 2017
"The World Wildlife Fund has criticized Japan for permitting sales of ivory that are banned by international law.
Japan says it does not want to close its markets because the ivory in the country is legal."
Call to close ivory markets agreed at Cites conference- 2 October 2016
"Delegates at a UN wildlife conference have endorsed calls for the closure of all domestic ivory markets.
The non-binding proposal was approved at a meeting of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (Cites) in South Africa.
Conservationists hailed it as a significant step towards ending the current elephant poaching crisis."
Report: Vietnam Among Biggest Illegal Ivory Markets- Text + Audio - 26 July 2016
"The conservation group Save the Elephants says Vietnam has become one of the world’s biggest illegal ivory markets.
It also says that 75 percent of ivory buyers in Vietnam come from China."
Elephant summit: Kenya sets fire to huge ivory stockpile- 30 April 2016
"Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta has set fire to a huge stockpile of ivory in an effort to show his country's commitment to saving Africa's elephants." + The war on elephants, by Alastair Leithead, BBC News
+ The African push to tackle ivory poaching, by BBC Monitoring...
Africa is home to between 450,000 and 500,000 elephants but more than 30,000 are killed every year for their tusks.
Tanzania has lost 65% of its elephant population in the past five years...
Some 1.35 tonnes of rhino horn will also be burned."
"A Kenyan Wildlife Service ranger stands guard
in the rain near stacks of elephant tusks,
part of an estimated 105 tonnes of ivory
and a tonne of rhino horn confiscated
from smugglers and poachers to be burnt
at the Nairobi National Park near Nairobi, Kenya,
April 30, 2016."
The war on elephants - Article + Photos + Videos
"How the very existence of Africa’s elephants is threatened by poachers, traffickers and Asia’s appetite for ivory." WARNING: THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS GRAPHIC IMAGES - Outgunned
- Men with poison arrows
- All routes lead to Asia - Making hunters pay - Living with elephants - Find Out More
Sri Lanka destroys huge illegal ivory haul- 26 January 2016
"Government publicly destroys biggest ever illegal ivory haul in bid to show poachers it will not tolerate the violent trade...
Sri Lanka’s elephant population has reduced to just over 7,000, according to a census five years ago, down from a population of over 12,000 at the start of the 20th century."
Confiscated ivory crushed at Thai ceremony - VIDEO - 26 August 2015
"Thailand has destroyed more than two tonnes of illegal ivory in a public ceremony.
Tom Milliken, from the international wildlife trade monitoring network, Traffic, said the Thai government wanted to show its commitment to ending the illegal trade in ivory.
Thailand's prime minister put the first tusk into a large crushing machine before ivory tusks, trinkets and jewellery were destroyed." (BBC)
Four African nations spurn ivory sales - 13 February 2014
"The leaders of four African nations have pledged to honour a 10-year moratorium on sales of ivory.
The leaders of Botswana, Gabon, Chad and Tanzania made the statement at a gathering in London to discuss the illegal wildlife trade."
Farm heists: a hive of criminal activity - 4 March 2018
"Last week saw the theft of 1m bees in Oxfordshire, the biggest robbery of the honey-makers in the UK. But they are not the only farmyard target of thieves" (theguardian.com)
Project Uses Global Imaging to Stop Illegal Fishing- Video - 23 February 2015
"Experts estimate twenty percent of the seafood market comes from illegal fishing.
A new device follows fishing boats to try to stop the criminal activity."
New Technology Stops Illegal Fishing on the Seas - Article + Audio + Video + Quiz - 15 February 2015
"Experts estimate that one out of every five fish sold was caught illegally. They say the illegal fishing market is worth $23.5 billion a year.
It threatens food security and hurts the environment. Officials are using new observational technology to fight illegal fishing."
Jaguars killed for fangs to supply growing Chinese medicine trade - 4 March 2018
"Demand from Chinese workers raises demand for skin and body parts of endangered species.
Conservationists who have uncovered a growing illegal trade in jaguar fangs in South America are linking it to Chinese construction projects
that could be threatening wildlife globally. "
Jaguar numbers have dwindled in recent years, especially in South America.
France bans imports of lion hunt trophies - 19 November 2015
"Officials told to stop issuing import permits for lion heads, paws and skins, while country considers stricter controls on other species."
"Malaysian authorities seized almost 400kg of pangolin scales trafficked from Ghana
for the second time in three days, an official said on June 16."
How to save the world's most trafficked mammal - 20 April 2017
"Many people in the West have never even heard of the pangolin, yet this “scaly anteater” is the source of a billion-dollar criminal industry that threatens to push it to extinction. BBC Future met a team of Hong Kong’s ecologists and activists trying to save these creatures from extinction."
Chinese appetite for totoaba fish bladder kills off rare porpoise- 16 May 2017
"There are no more than 30 vaquita – a five-foot porpoise – left in the northern Gulf of California today and they could be extinct within months, conservationists have warned. ..
The totoaba, which is itself highly endangered, is caught for its swim bladders which are smuggled to China for sale on the black market.
Undercover investigators found the swim bladders, called maws, for sale in Shantou in Guandong province, at an average price of $20,000 per kilogram. The cost has led to the maws being dubbed “aquatic cocaine”."
RHINOS / HORN:
South Africa sniffer dog intercepts 116kg of rhino horn - 10 January 2019
"South African authorities have seized 116kg (256 lbs) of illegal rhino horn being smuggled out of the country.
The haul of 36 horns and horn fragments, worth about $1.3m (£1m), is believed to be one of the biggest seized in the country in recent years...
The eight boxes were already ready to be shipped to Dubai, the South African Revenue Service (Sars) said in a statement...
Between 2007 and 2014, rhino poaching rose by about 9,000%."
The man who wants to sell rhino horns - VIDEO - 23 August 2017
"Global trade in rhino horn is banned under a UN convention, but the first legal auction is due to be held in South Africa.
Rhino breeder John Hume says open trade is the only way to raise vital funds for the species and stop poaching."
Can modern technology save rhinos from poachers?- 29 June 2017
"Satellites, lie detectors, sniffer dogs, helicopters and seismic sensors: the new hi-tech weapons in Kruger National Park’s war on rhino poaching... Poachers usually work in gangs of three – a marksman, a navigator and a porter... There may be a dozen gangs operating simultaneously in Kruger." + Bloody war on poaching + Cruelty of the poachers
+ Lie detectors, camera traps and sensors + Top 10 | The most endangered animals, according to WWF + How to fight in a guerrilla war + Video: Amazing close-up footage of rhinos
'Better de-horned than dead' – zoo chops rhino horns to foil poachers - 22 March 2017
"Czech zoo takes saw to the horns of its 21 rhinoceroses in response to deadly attack at Paris wildlife park this month...
With rhino horns considered a wonder cure in Asia – for everything from cancer, colds and fevers to high blood pressure, hangovers, impotence and other ailments – poachers have killed thousands of the animals in Africa and elsewhere.
It is estimated that 6,000 individuals from the world’s five species of rhinos have been killed in the last nine years, leaving a global wild population of about 30,000."
South Africa Proposes Legalizing Limited Trade in Rhino Horn- Text + Audio - 18 March 2017
"International trade in the horns of the big land animals has been outlawed since 1977.
Supporters of the new law say it will increase money to protect rhinos.
But environmentalists say no trade in rhino horn should be permitted."
Can drones help save the rhino? – video- 26 July 2016
"Drones are operating above some of South Africa’s national parks in an attempt to deter and intercept poachers.
Poaching is at record levels on the continent, devastating elephant and rhino populations.
These drones can fly 2.5 hours on a single charge and up to 22 miles from the control vehicle.
The operators say they have seen a direct link between their presence in an area and a fall in poaching."
Rhino Poaching Reaches Record Level in 2014- Article + Audio
"Official says a record number of the large animals were killed last year even as the government strengthens its efforts to stop poachers.
Demand for rhino horn in Asia said to be responsible for many of the killings. And official is looking for ways to stop the trade in rhino horns."
Rhino horn trafficking surging out of control, say campaigners - 11 December 2014
"Trafficking of African rhinoceros horn on the black market has surged 30-fold in the past 13 years, say animal protection groups...
The trafficking is “out of control. Like for ivory, like for products from tigers, these are very organised networks that have a great capacity to adapt to changes."
Vietnam's illegal trade in rhino horn - 9 February 2014
"Record numbers of rhinos are being poached and killed in South Africa for their horn.
Many of those horns end up being sold illegally for their supposed medicinal properties - in countries such as Vietnam."
Uncaged: saving China's songbirds from the poachers' nets – video- 31 January 2019
"Bird poaching – for meat or for the pet trade – has become a silent epidemic across China, resulting in the deaths of tens of thousands of migratory birds each year.
Gu Xuan, a young conservationist, is determined to break this cycle of death and destruction, and set the birds free"
Thailand tiger farms: Hunting the traffickers- 19 November 2016
"When the Thai authorities moved in to shut down a tiger zoo in a temple at the end of May, they exposed a lot more than just the various irregularities in that one facility. The macabre sight of tiger foetuses preserved in bottles, and the shrivelled, frozen remains of other cubs, suddenly cast the popular tourist attraction
into a more sinister light. Was this evidence of illegal trade in tiger parts?"
Tiger Temple investigators find suspected slaughterhouse - 7 June 2016
"Four live tigers and 12 empty cages found during police raid at house 30 miles from temple in western Thailand."
“We believe it was used by the Tiger Temple to hold live tigers before slaughtering them for their skins, meat and bones to be exported outside the country, or sent to restaurants in Thailand that serve tiger meat to tour groups,” said police colonel Montri Pancharoen, deputy commander
of the crime suppression division, which oversaw the raid...
“We have information that the Tiger Temple is not the only place that supplies tigers to illegal smugglers.”
Tiger temple scandal exposes the shadowy billion-dollar Asian trade - 4 June 2016
"Campaigners hope the Thai temple raid will stir the world’s conscience – but the trafficking of tiger parts to China is a booming business...
There are about 3,200 tigers in the wild. Fewer than 30 in Vietnam, 50 in China, 2,200 in India and about 500 in Russia...
The skin, meat, bones and claws of tigers are all prized for luxury goods and traditional medicine." (theguardian.com)
More tigers poached in India so far this year than in 2015- 29 April 2016
"Conservationists say census figures are ‘worrying’ and cast doubts on the country’s anti-poaching efforts...
Tiger meat and bones are used in traditional Chinese medicine and fetch high prices...
Poachers use guns, poison and even steel traps and electrocution to kill their prey."
Fading stars: India’s illegal tortoise trade - in pictures- 20 November 2015
"The ‘shocking’ scale of illegal trade in star tortoises in southern India has been revealed in a study published in the journal Nature Conservation. A large-scale network, fuelled by growing international demand for exotic pets, is causing extreme suffering to the animals and threatening the survival of the species, researchers warn. In one site alone, at least 55,000 tortoises were poached from the wild in one year." (theguardian.com)
Japan to Restart Commercial Whale Hunts in 2019 - Text + Audio - 26 December 2018
"Japan announces plans to withdraw from the International Whaling Commission and to restart commercial whale hunting.
The hunts are to be limited to Japanese territorial waters.
A Japanese official also said his country plans to stop whale hunting in the Antarctic and northern Pacific Ocean waters."
Japan and the whale - Article + Photos + Video - 8 February 2016
"Hunting whales is irrelevant to feeding Japan's population, draws global condemnation and is certainly not economic. So why does Japan still do it?"
Japanese Begins Controversial Whale Hunt - Text + Audio + Video - 2 December 2015
"Japan is allowed to hunt whales for scientific research.
Critics complain that while the Japanese say they are conducting research, they are really hunting whales to sell as meat.
Both Australia and New Zealand are against the whaling project."