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Animals : CONTENTS
ENDANGERED SPECIES / THREATENED SPECIES
(Updated on 15/09/2016)
Earth has lost half of its wildlife in the past 40 years, says WWF - 30 September 2014
"Species across land, rivers and seas decimated as humans kill for food in unsustainable numbers and destroy habitats."
See picture gallery of wild animals facing decline
George Monbiot: It’s time to shout stop on this war on the living world
From Birds to Bears, Animals Face Danger Around the World - TEXT + AUDIO
"Hundreds of newly-identified plants and animals in Southeast Asia are in danger. Poachers killed a famous elephants in Kenya.
And scientists are working to save polar bears population in Alaska and the Bering Sea."
'Extinction crisis' focus for summit - 3 March 2013
"Delegates from 178 countries face critical decisions as they meet to review the convention on international trade in endangered species (CITES).
New plans to protect elephants, rhinos and other species will be discussed at a critical meeting that begins in Bangkok on Sunday."
+ How CITES works
In pictures: Wildlife crime (BBC)
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species - Summary Statistics - 2011
Toilet paper brand wipes out forests and endangered species
"An investigation released today reveals that Auckland based company Cottonsoft is sourcing its toilet paper from rainforests in Indonesia, home of the critically-endangered Sumatran tiger.
The evidence is the result of an eight-month investigation by Greenpeace, the Green Party and WWF-New Zealand into exactly where the toilet paper sold by New Zealand retailers originates from...
The destruction of Indonesia’s rainforests is one of the main threats to the survival of the critically endangered Sumatran tiger, only 400 of which are estimated to remain in the wild. "
+ Consumer guide to rainforest friendly toilet paper
Unique mammals struggling for survival - "Animals joining the list of most endangered mammals" - 19 November 2010
Police in Malaysia uncover 'illegal zoo' - 14 July 2010
"Police in Malaysia have inadvertently uncovered a massive haul of endangered wildlife during a raid on a warehouse...
More than 20 species of protected wildlife were found in the "mini zoo"..."
Internet threatens rare species, conservationists warn - 21 March 2010
"Campaigners say it is easier than ever before to buy and sell anything from live baby lions to polar bear pelts on online auction sites and chatrooms...
Thousands of endangered species are regularly traded on the internet, as buyers and sellers take advantage of the anonymity - and vast global market - the world wide web can offer...
The US is the biggest market, but ... Europe, China, Russia and Australia also play a large part. "
Species' extinction threat grows - 3 November 2009
"More than a third of species assessed in a major international biodiversity study are threatened with extinction, scientists have warned.
Out of the 47,677 species in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 17,291 were deemed to be at serious risk.
These included 21% of mammals, 30% of amphibians, 70% of plants and 35% of invertebrates."
Some of the world's most threatened species
- Mammals facing extinction threat - 6 October 2008
"About 25% of the world's mammal species are at risk of extinction, according to the first assessment of their plight for a decade."
populations 'plummeting' - 16 May 2008
"Between a quarter and a third of the world's wildlife has been
lost since 1970, according to data compiled by the Zoological Society
Pollution, farming and urban expansion, over-fishing and hunting are
APES / PRIMATES:
More than Half of the World’s Primates Disappearing - Text + Audio + Pictures + Video - 19 March 2017
"Anthropologist Paul Garber says primates future are threatened. The University of Illinois scientist released a report on primates in January. He told VOA his research shows possibly "60 percent of primate species are now threatened with extinction and about 75 percent have declining populations."
Primates at risk, Endangered nonhuman primates include, clockwise from top center,
the black and white snub-nosed monkey, the ring-tailed lemur, the golden snub-nosed monkey, the mountain gorilla.
- Sumatran orangutans in rehab – in pictures - 18 November 2016
"Members of the critically endangered species are cared for and nursed back to health before their release at the Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Programme’s rehabilitation centre in Kuta Mbelin, North Sumatra, Indonesia."
- Eastern gorillas threatened with extinction - 5 September 2016
"A surge in illegal hunting is threatening the eastern gorilla, the world's largest primate, an international conservation group has said...
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List says just 5,000 of the animals remain in their central African habitat.
The number of eastern gorillas has declined more than 70% in two decades.
Four of the six great apes are now critically endangered, the IUCN says..."
"The eastern gorilla is now on the endangered species list."
- Four out of six great apes one step away from extinction – IUCN Red List - 4 September 2016
"The IUCN Red List now includes 82,954 species of which 23,928 are threatened with extinction."
+ Mammals threatened by illegal hunting
- The mandrill is among the endangered land mammals primarily at risk from hunting for food.
Apes are Dying Out (text with symbols) - (symbolworld)
Four UK bird species including puffins 'face extinction' - 29 October 2015
+ Critically endangered UK bird species
+ Near-threatened UK bird species
"The Atlantic puffin population is still in the millions, but fewer young birds are surviving to breed."
- The bird that's more valuable than ivory
"The illegal trade in elephant tusks is well reported, but there's a type of "ivory" that's even more valuable. It comes from the helmeted hornbill
- a bird that lives in the rainforests of East Asia and is now under threat, writes Mary Colwell."
- New Zealand hunters apologise over accidental shooting of takahē - 21 August 2015
"An inquiry is under way into how a cull of somewhat similar-looking pukeko birds has led to the slaughter of 5% of the wild population of takahē."
- Sumatran elephants: a fragile future – in pictures - 3 April 2017
"These powerful, and at times graphic, images bear witness to the plight of critically endangered Sumatran elephants and the challenges they face. These include the conversion of forest habitat to oil palm plantations, degradation of forest habitat by illegal logging, conflicts with farmers through crop-raiding, and being illegally hunted for their ivory tusks. While the situation is dire, the camera’s lens also finds hope in the efforts of those working to safeguard the animal’s future."
- Study: Elephants Disappearing from Parts of Africa - Text + Audio - 6 September 2016
"A new study estimated a population of 352,271 elephants in the 18 countries surveyed. That is a drop of nearly 150,000 elephants since 2007.
The researchers say the population has been falling by about 8 percent each year."
- Giraffes Facing ‘Silent Disappearance’ in Africa, Report Says - Text + Audio + Pictures - 18 December 2016
"Giraffes are beautiful animals known for their very long necks and tall legs. Now a report by the Red List says giraffes for the first time are “vulnerable” to extinction. What is happening to the tallest land animals on Earth?"
- Giraffes facing extinction after devastating decline, experts warn - Article + Pictures + Video - 8 December 2016
"Latest update to the red list of threatened species shows world’s tallest animal is on the brink, but some good news for Madagascan freshwater fish."
Koala numbers drop 80pc
"Australian scientists are calling for the koala to be declared an endangered species, warning that populations have already declined alarmingly and climate change will exacerbate the mammal's plight...
Where Australia once had millions of koalas, the total population was probably no more than 50,000-100,000...
Land clearing for urban development, industry and agriculture has deprived the koala of much of its traditional habitat, while diseases - particularly chlamydia - are also exacting a toll."
- Snow leopard under threat from climate change (October 26, 2015) - a lesson plan with AUDIO
"The conservation charity World Wildlife Fund has warned that climate change is threatening the existence of the snow leopard in the Himalayas."
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- Polar bears losing crucial sea ice: study - 14 November 2016
"Life-sustaining sea ice needed for hunting, resting and breeding is declining in all 19 regions of the Arctic inhabited by the species."
- Changing Arctic Conditions Threaten Polar Bears - Text + Audio + Video - 30 July 2015
"Researchers, following the animals on the Arctic, discovered sea ice is melting faster than predicted, making it harder for polar bears to survive. They are calling on nations to reduce greenhouse gases. If that does not happen, polar bears could one day disappear from our planet."
The polar bear who died of climate change - 6 August 2013
"A lack of sea ice, caused by global warming, meant the bear was unable to hunt seals and starved, according to an expert who had been monitoring the animal in Svalbard, Norway."
- Endangered Sumatran rhino flown from US to Indonesia to mate - 2 November 2015
"A critically endangered male Sumatran rhino born in a US zoo has been flown to Indonesia to mate, as part of efforts to save his species."
- Scientists Test Ways to Save Rhinos - Text + Audio + Video - 19 August 2015
"The African rhino is a endangered species. One of its kind, the northern white rhino is on the brink of extinction in the wild. Only four remain.
Ol Pejeta Conservancy is home to three of the world’s last rhino. Scientists are using two different experiments to try to save them."
- Conservationists Try to Save Rare Rhino - Text + Audio + Video - 28 December 2014
"Wildlife conservationists in Kenya are trying to save a rare kind of rhinoceros.
So many northern white rhinos have been hunted and killed that they are almost extinct. There are only five northern white rhinos left.
The workers hope they can save the rhinos by helping them breed."
- 'Historic' day for shark protection - 11 March 2013 - ARTICLE + VIDEO
"Three types of critically endangered but commercially valuable shark have been given added protection at the Cites meeting in Bangkok."
- Study Finds Fewer Tigers Than Once Thought - VIDEO - 24 August 2015
"A population count in 2004, found 440 tigers in the Bangladeshi part of the Sundarbans forest, the world’s largest mangrove forest.
But, a recent study found only 182."
- Study Finds 182 Tigers Left in World's Biggest Natural Habitat - Text + Audio - 9 August 2015
"A tiger population count in 2004 found 440 tigers in the Bangladeshi part of the Sundarbans forest, the world’s largest mangrove forest.
The new census found that only about 100 tigers are left in the Sundarbans forest of Bangladesh."
Rare Tiger Cub Makes Her Debut - 14 February 2015
"Amur Tigers, also known as Siberian Tigers, are the largest of the six surviving Tiger subspecies.
Native to far eastern Russia, the population of Amur Tigers dropped to fewer than 50 cats in the 1940s.
Today, thanks to improved law enforcement against illegal hunting, there are now nearly 400 Amur Tigers in the wild.
While Amur Tigers are still listed as Endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, scientists are hopeful that the upward trend will continue for these magnificent cats."
- No real freedom for tigers saved from traffickers - 12 March 2013
"Talks on measures to stop the trade in endangered species are reaching a conclusion in Bangkok.
The city is one of the world's centres for the illegal trade in exotic animals.
Fifteen thousand live animals have been seized there in the last year.
However, being saved from the traffickers does not always mean freedom, as Jonah Fisher reports."
Madagascar's 'tortoise mafia' on the attack
"Madagascar's poachers, known in conservation circles as "the tortoise mafia", are increasingly hunting down the Indian Ocean island's reptiles, threatening them with extinction... Tortoise meat is a favourite dish on the island...
If tortoises do not end up in the rubbish heaps of restaurants, they end up in the suitcases of tortoise smugglers."
Cambodia Royal Turtle Near Extinction - Text + Audio - 1 May 2016
"Less than 10 Cambodian Royal Turtles remain on earth as two groups are determined to allow the turtle to thrive in a shrinking habitat.
But the forests, beaches and nest keep getting smaller lowering the Royal Turtle population."
- Eyewitness: Farewell Spit, New Zealand - 12 February 2017
"Volunteers help to refloat and guide pilot whales out to deeper water after a mass stranding at Farewell Spit on the coast of New Zealand.
Most of the more than 200 whales who became stranded on the weekend were able to refloat themselves."
- Volunteers race to save stranded whales on New Zealand beach - VIDEO - 11 February 2017
"Volunteers face a race against time to save hundreds of pilot whales who became beached in a remote corner of New Zealand's South Island..."
- Whale Deaths On the Rise in Alaska - Text + Audio + Video - 13 September 2015
"Scientists blame warmer water for the deaths. They say the rising temperatures are as a result of changing weather and wind conditions, which are not linked to climate change. Scientists say carbon dioxide emissions and other pollution are making the Arctic warm faster than anyplace on the planet."